A new report from the United Nations Interregional Crime and Justice Research Institute’s Center for Artificial Intelligence and Robotics Research has revealed an alarming landscape of abuse of artificial intelligence (AI) and machine learning in underground forums. Among the identified trends is the impersonation of identity on social networks, a phenomenon that has plagued the digital landscape.
In this new era of social engineering, we have witnessed the emergence of concerning modalities such as deepfakes and vishing. These techniques are modern versions of impostor scams, where criminals impersonate individuals close to their victims to deceive them and obtain money.
Statistics do not lie: in the United States, scams of this type ranked second in fraud reports in 2022, with losses amounting to $2.6 billion.
AI plays a crucial role in this criminal scheme. Cybercriminals have taken advantage of technological advancements to create more realistic and effective attacks, thereby increasing their chances of success and minimizing the likelihood of detection. The use of deep learning algorithms has enabled the creation of deepfakes, multimedia content that appears authentic but is actually false. These videos manipulate facial expressions and can convincingly alter a person’s speech.
On the other hand, vishing, also known as voice phishing, represents an intriguing variant of classic phishing. Instead of sending fraudulent emails, scammers use AI-based voice generation software to mimic their victims’ voices and deceive them over the phone. This technique has proven to be effective, as criminals can easily access audio samples on social networks and replicate the voice of the person they intend to impersonate.
These technological advancements have led to alarming cases that have raised global concerns. The FBI is worried about the increasing number of deepfake videos that use images and videos obtained from social networks to create fake content. In China, for example, a case was reported where a man was defrauded through a video call in which the perpetrator used AI-powered face swapping technology to impersonate a friend and request money transfers.
The era of social engineering is booming, and it is crucial to be informed and aware of these new criminal modalities in order to protect ourselves and avoid falling victim to these technological scams.
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ) based on the main topics and information presented in the article:
1. What does the report from the Center for Artificial Intelligence and Robotics Research reveal?
The report reveals an alarming landscape of abuse of artificial intelligence and machine learning in underground forums.
2. What is one of the identified trends in the report?
One of the identified trends is the impersonation of identity on social networks.
3. What are deepfakes and vishing?
Deepfakes and vishing are modern techniques of impostor scams. In deepfakes, criminals create fake multimedia content using deep learning algorithms. Vishing, on the other hand, is voice phishing, where scammers use AI-based voice generation software to mimic their victims’ voices.
4. What role does artificial intelligence play in these criminal schemes?
Artificial intelligence plays a crucial role by enabling the creation of more realistic and effective attacks. Cybercriminals use deep learning algorithms to create deepfakes, multimedia content that appears authentic.
5. How does vishing work?
In vishing, scammers mimic their victims’ voices using AI-based voice generation software. They can easily access audio samples on social networks to replicate the voice of the person they want to impersonate.
6. What concerns has the FBI expressed?
The FBI has expressed concern about the increasing number of deepfake videos that use images and videos obtained from social networks to create fake content.
7. Where has a case of fraud using AI-powered face swapping technology been reported?
In China, a case was reported where a man was defrauded through a video call in which the perpetrator used AI-powered face swapping technology to impersonate a friend and request money transfers.
Definitions of key terms used in the article:
– Artificial Intelligence: Refers to machines’ ability to imitate or simulate human intelligence.
– Machine Learning: A branch of artificial intelligence that allows machines to learn and improve through experience without being explicitly programmed.
– Deepfakes: Manipulated videos or images using deep learning algorithms to appear authentic.
– Vishing: Also known as voice phishing, a technique in which scammers use AI-based voice generation software to mimic their victims’ voices.
– Phishing: A type of online scam where criminals pretend to be trustworthy entities to obtain personal information or carry out attacks.
Suggested related links:
– United Nations website
– FBI website