Artificial intelligence (AI) is a technology that is having a significant impact on our world, but it also raises important ethical questions. In a scenario where an AI model could be the evaluator of your next job or a sophisticated algorithm makes decisions in an emergency room, it is crucial to reflect on the values and biases present in these technologies.
AI systems are based on training data that reflects the values of those who design them, most of whom are highly educated engineers in hard sciences with little training in social sciences. This artificial division of human knowledge poses challenges since current problems require integrated technical approaches and social perspectives.
It is important to highlight that AI can reproduce existing biases and social inequalities. For example, asking an image generator to represent a doctor or scientist is likely to return the image of a white man, perpetuating stereotypes and excluding other representations that are more accurate.
To address these challenges, it is necessary to involve social perspectives in the design and development of AI. Social entrepreneurs are working on technology audits to avoid inequities and discriminations, such as avoiding the use of financial data instead of medical data in hospitals or avoiding the underrepresentation of women in banking datasets.
It is essential to promote regulations that encourage a slower and more ethical development of AI, taking into account the common good. This involves creating interdisciplinary teams that understand the contexts and challenges and have an inclusive perspective. Technology companies must engage in dialogue with social entrepreneurs to understand their perspectives and ensure that technology is used responsibly and with a clear purpose.
In conclusion, ethical AI is crucial to ensure that these technologies are accessible, inclusive, and provide value to society. It is time to reflect and act responsibly in this process of technological creation, ensuring that we always put people at the center.