The introduction of artificial intelligence (AI) has come to transform the world as we know it. With the advancement of machine learning and the self-generation of machines, AI is expected to have a significant impact on all industries and countries. One example is the forecast that 25% of medications will be generated by AI by the year 2025, compared to the current 0%. This evolution has not only caught the attention of criminals and threatening groups but also poses new risks and challenges for national security and governments.
One of the most prominent risks is the use of AI to generate misinformation and fake news, which has affected electoral processes in different parts of the world. Furthermore, there is concern that criminals may use AI to carry out both cyber and physical attacks. As we become more reliant on AI-powered weapons, there is fear that enemies may be able to control drones or other weaponry to target specific objectives.
Regulating AI is a complex challenge, especially considering how rapidly this technology is advancing. Some organizations, such as the European Union, have started developing regulatory frameworks, but it is still unclear which will be the most efficient. Each country will need to adapt its regulations to its own reality and needs.
In the case of Colombia, it is crucial for the government to have a qualified technology team in generative AI development to lead in this field. Additionally, collaboration between countries and major companies in this field must be promoted. Regarding AI education, it is necessary to create a regulatory framework that promotes individual learning and experimentation while establishing clear internal policies for companies regarding the use and protection of sensitive information.
In conclusion, AI offers tremendous opportunities but also entails new risks. To make the most of this technology, it is necessary to promote a governance policy on AI, develop appropriate regulatory frameworks, and foster international collaboration. Only in this way can we face the challenges and build a secure and successful future with AI.